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Photographer's Note

Marseille, Fontaine des Vents Street.

My 400th pic on TE !

Illuminated by an oblique light of late afternoon, two lamps stand out the facades of the Rue Fontaine des Vents.

Public lighting of the streets of France was established during the reign of Louis XIV, for security reasons. Unlit, the streets were indeed true cutthroats. The first initiative date of 1662. The abbot Laudati de Caraffa received approval to establish, in the main cities of the kingdom, a torchbearers service to accompany the passersby who wished. In 1667, the Lieutenant General of Police de la Reynie ordered the setting up of a street lighting, from November 1st to March 1st. Uniform candle lanterns bearing the king's coat of arms are installed in the streets of Paris. They were suspended by ropes attached to a mast height of the first floor of houses. In 1697, an edict required the installation of lanterns in the main cities of the kingdom of France.

During the previous centuries, several lighting attempts had been implemented without success. They were based on the citizenship of the inhabitants, who had to place a candle on the edge of their window. Little respected, inefficient because the candles did not take the entire night, these provisions were gradually abandoned.

More information about public lighting on this website : http://phozagora.free.fr/?surfpage=Historique

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