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Staro stablo i pecurka.

Pogled na zelenu travu, staro stablo i pecurku.
Pecurka (gljiva sa listicima) je zivotna forma gljive cije stablo raste iznad zemlje i sastoji se iz drske i sesira, a micelijum se nalazi u podlozi. Ukoliko je mesnati sesir sa porama, tada se govori o vrganjima, a ukoliko rastu po drvecu, tada su to rupicari ili gube. Postoje jos i puhare, pupavci itd. U svakom slučaju se ne radi o filogenetskoj grupi, vec o izgledu gljive.
Pečurke su znacajne i za ljude i mogu biti jestive, nejestive i otrovne, od kojih neke vrste mogu prouzrokovati i smrt. Pravila postoje, pa se tako moze reci da su vrganji jestivi osim ako nemaju crvene spore ili crvene 刼znake na drsci (strucku). Ipak, siguran nacin za razlikovanje ovih grupa ne postoji i mogu ih razlikovati samo strucnjaci. Takodje, prilikom pripremanja hrane, potrebno je dobro termicki obraditi pecurke jer se mnogi otrovi unistavaju na visokim temperaturama.



Old tree and mushroom.

View of green grass, old tree and mushroom.
A mushroom (mushroom with leaves) is a life form of a fungus whose tree grows above the ground and consists of a stalk and a hat, and the mycelium is in the base. If it is a fleshy hat with pores, then we are talking about mushrooms, and if they grow on trees, then they are perforators or losers. There are also puhars, pupavci, etc. In any case, it is not about the phylogenetic group, but about the appearance of the fungus.
Mushrooms are also important for humans and can be edible, inedible and poisonous, some of which can cause death. There are rules, so it can be said that porcini mushrooms are edible unless they have red spores or red "marks" on the stalk. However, there is no sure way to differentiate between these groups and only experts can distinguish them. Also, when preparing food, it is necessary to heat the mushrooms well, because many poisons are destroyed at high temperatures.

ikeharel, jemaflor, holmertz, pierrefonds, Fis2, aliabazari, ChrisJ has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by Pavle Randjelovic (pajaran) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 13750 W: 2953 N: 28453] (117001)
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