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Photographer's Note

استان مازندران. بهشهر. مجموعه تاريخي عباس آباد
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I met this young man. He had come to the historical place of "Abbasabad" with a group of about ten people. He was the leader of the group. We had a warm conversation, he was very friendly and kind. I took some pictures of him and suggested that he sit on the rock alone in the water. He started playing and I took some shots of him. That night, I sent him the photos on Facebook. The instrument you see in his hand is one of the traditional Iranian instruments, called "SeTar". I shared a view of a "Setar" instrument in the workshop
Setar
Setar is one of the stringed and percussion instruments of Iranian music, which is played with the nail of the index finger of the right hand. This instrument has 4 steel and bronze wires that are stretched parallel to the handle, from the bowl to the claw. Setar has 28 movable curtains made of animal intestines or silk. Its sound is delicate and low volume, and its sound range is from the bass two below the carrier line to the flat bass above the carrier line, and as a result, it is close to 3 octaves. The three-stringed instrument was a family of local instruments such as two-stringed and tanbur, but today it is classified as a stringed instrument in the classification of traditional Iranian musical instruments with a similar veiling. In Iranian instrumental music, the use of three strings is very popular; Although it is mostly used for soloing. This instrument has a special tuning for each device, but the fourth or fifth descending distance is usually fixed between the first and second strings. To perform it, three-string musicians sit on the floor (four knees) or on a chair without handles, and place the bowl of the instrument diagonally between the end of the thigh and the right side of the stomach, so that the plane of the instrument is perpendicular to the ground. Both right and left hands are placed on the instrument in the form of half-open fists. The tips of the fingers of the left hand move on the curtains (hands) of the three-string handle and by placing the wire behind the desired curtain, they shorten or lengthen the free length of the wire. The fingering of the left hand is done in the form of ten hands, each hand containing three frets on the first, second and third strings. The right hand is placed on the keyboard and the nail of the index finger of the right hand vibrates the strings by tapping. For playing three strings, the index, middle, ring and in some cases the little finger of the left hand are used. It is also useful to use the thumb to draw the curtain on the bass string. In the initial training of the strings and three strings, the fourth finger is not used except instead of the third finger, and using it too much causes laziness of the third finger. While playing the three-string, you can make the sound a little harsh by hitting it close to the bow, and by doing this close to the throat of the instrument, a soft and gentle sound is produced. Usually walnut, mulberry and maple wood is used for the bowl, mulberry wood for the plate and walnut wood for the handle. It is possible to make a bowl in three ways: gluing pieces of wood, carving one piece, or using a pumpkin bowl. Three-wire wires are made of bronze and steel, and other woods, as well as shells, bones, and ivory, are used to decorate the construction according to the taste of the manufacturer. Usually, alcohol varnish is used to protect the wood and shine the body of the three-string.
History
Setar is a member of the tanbur family, but today it is very close to tar from the point of view of the playing method, the shape of the handle, and the techniques. Setar had three strings in the past and now it has four strings, the third and fourth strings of which are close to each other and are played at the same time. With the passage of time, people such as Abu Nasr Farabi, Abu Ali Sina, Safiuddin Ermoi, and among the later ones, Abul Hasan Khan Saba, understood the need to add one more string to this instrument, and today's three strings have four strings. Historically, this string is the fourth string placed on the instrument, but it is the third string from bottom to top. The third string of three strings is known as the Mushtaq string, and according to a narration by Abul Hasan Saba, this string was first added to this instrument by a dervish named Mushtaq Ali Shah. The sound of this instrument was recorded for the first time in 1306 with the performance of Parvaneh.
The three-stringed instrument has always been the focus of Sufis due to its special sound characteristics and delicate sound. Wikipedia
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Photo Info

Camera: Nikon D90
Make: NIKON CORPORATION
Lens: VR AF-S NIKKOR18-105mm1:3.5-5.6G ED-DX
Software: Adobe Photoshop CS6 (Windows)
Shutter Speed: 1/125
F-Stop: f/5.6
ISO Speed Ratings: 400
Focal Length: 18 mm
35 mm Focal Length in sensor crop: 27 mm
Memory: TOSHIBA SDHC,RAW
Filter: Kenko UV 67mm JAPAN
Date Taken: 2015-04-17 13:48
Metering Mode: Center Weighted Average
File Size: 4464 k

holmertz, Fis2, pajaran, pierrefonds, PiotrF, COSTANTINO, fotka, mcmtanyel has marked this note useful

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Additional Photos by ALI ABAZARI (aliabazari) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 2226 W: 105 N: 4536] (24440)
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