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Photographer's Note

This came out of of the scans of my slides. It was shot in a blazingly hot Summer day in one of the most impressive historic places I have ever been.

Ephesus is a city that already existed on the 14th century BC, when it's believed to have been the capital of a Hittite kingdom. It was then colonised by the Greeks on the 10th century BC. According to them, the city was founded by the mythical Amazons). During the Greek period, the town was home of one of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Temple of Artemis.

Then came the Romans in the 3rd or 4th century BC, who made it the capital of the Roman territories in Anatolia (then called Asia Minor). It kept its importance, being the second most important city of the Byzantine Empire, until the 8th century AD, when the Arabs sacked it. After that, it began declining, and the fact that its harbour, once an important one, was completely silted, should have something to do with it (now the Aegean Sea lies 6 Km away). It regained some importance during a period in the 12th century, but in the 15th century it was completely abandoned.

The city appears several in the early history of Christianity, although that probably has little to do with some believing that the Virgin Mary had her last home there.

The photo shows the Temple of Hadrian, which was built in the 2th century AD to commemorate the visit of the Emperor Hadrian, and was renovated 200 hundred years later. The relieves depict the legendary story of the foundation of Ephesus and that prominent figure on the centre of the arch is supposed to be the Medusa, a female monster of the Greek Mythology that enters that story.

More weblinks (I guess I can apply to a record on the number of links on one post 8-):
Wikipedia
ephesus.us
turizm.net
sailturkey.com (panoramic 360 views)
ce.eng.usf.edu / Temple of Artemis

Location (latitude, longitude): 37.93836,27.34193

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Additional Photos by Jose Pires (stego) Gold Star Critiquer/Gold Star Workshop Editor/Gold Note Writer [C: 4422 W: 612 N: 7301] (24132)
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